Ten Essential Services

These components are necessary to fulfill the following 10 Essential Public Health Services.


Monitor health status to identify community health problems.
  • Communicable Disease Surveillance
  • Lead Screening of Young Children
  • Syndromic Surveillance
  • Access to Health Care

Diagnose & Investigate

Diagnose and investigate health problems and hazards in the community.
  • Cancer Screening
  • Food-Borne Illness
  • Policy Development
  • Screening for Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Screening for Tuberculosis

Inform, Educate, & Empower

Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues.
  • Car Seat Safety and Use
  • Community Collaborations
  • Healthy Heart Activities
  • Population-Wide Health Promotion
  • Tobacco Use Prevention


Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems.
  • Cancer Services Program of Cortland and Tompkins Counties
  • Dental Health access for uninsured and under-insured
  • Work-site Wellness Programs

Develop Policies & Plans

Develop Policies and Plans that Support Individual and Community Health Efforts.
  • Contact Investigations
  • Health Emergency Operations Plan
  • Partner Notification Assistance Program
  • Healthy People 2020 National Objectives


Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety.
  • Clean Indoor Air Act
  • Lead Investigations to identify source of lead poisoning in children
  • Restaurant Inspections to ensure food safety
  • Water Quality Control


Link people to needed health services and assure the provision of health care when otherwise unavailable.
  • Child Find
  • Enrollment in Family Planning Benefit Program
  • Facilitated Enrollment for Child Health Plus and Family Health Plus
  • Immunization Clinic
  • Licensed Home Care Services
  • Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic
  • Tuberculosis Control Program


Ensure a competent public health and personal healthcare workforce.
  • Continuing Education Through Participation in Conferences/Workshops
  • Development of Standards of Care/Practice
  • Participation in Education of Community Health Care Professionals (nurses and therapists)
  • Training and Professional Certification


Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.
  • Participation in the Cortland Area Communities That Care
  • Participation in Cortland Counts: An Assessment of the Health and Well-Being in Cortland County
  • Participation in the Cortland County Coalition for Long Term Care
  • Serving All Functions
  • Quality Assurance and Performance Improvement Activities


Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.
  • Focus Groups to Determine Consumer Needs
  • Participation in National, State, and Local Surveys
  • Surveys - Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Youth Risk Behavior, Zap Eighth Grade Survey


U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Core Public Health Steering Committee. National Public Health performance standards program: Orientation to essential public health services [slides] 1994.

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